The most current .co.ee domains dispute policy can be found at:
(superceeded by the Estonian version)
RULES OF THE DOMAIN DISPUTES COMMITTEE
1. GENERAL PROVISIONS
1.1. The Domain Disputes Committee (hereinafter the Committee) is a structural
unit of the Estonian Internet Foundation (hereinafter the EIF) that settles
disputes pertaining to registration of .ee domain names. Referral to the
Committee does not preclude protection of rights in any other manner,
including in judicial proceedings.
1.2. These rules (hereinafter the Rules) are based on article 11.1 of the Domain
Regulation adopted by the Council of the EIF on 29.06.2010 (available at
1.3. The Committee settles disputes on the basis of the Rules, the Domain
Regulation and Estonian law.
1.4. The EIF organises the work of the Committee. Only members of the
Committee settle disputes.
1.5. The Council of the EIF adopts the Rules, the List of Committee Members and
1.6. The working language of the Committee is Estonian. The Committee has the
right to demand that a person who submits foreign language documents
have them translated into Estonian as well as to accept foreign language
For the purposes of these Rules the following definitions shall have the
2.1. Domain Name means a .ee domain name registered on the basis of the
Domain Regulation and constituting the object of the Application;
2.2. Domain Regulation means the Domain Regulation adopted by the Council of
the EIF on 29.06.2010;
2.3. EIF means the Estonian Internet Foundation;
2.4. Applicant means the person who submitted the Application;
2.5. Application means a document submitted by the Applicant on the basis of
and in accordance with the Rules and along with any and all annexes for the
purpose of initiation of a procedure in the Committee;
2.6. Registrant means the person in whose name the Domain Name that
constitutes the object of the dispute has been registered;
2.7. Start Date of Procedure means the day when the Application compliant with
the requirements has been submitted to the Committee and the Committee
procedure fee has been paid to the current account of the Committee;
2.8. Party means the Applicant or the Registrant;
2.9. Parties means the Applicant and the Registrant jointly;
2.10. Rules means these Rules of the Domain Disputes Committee;
2.11. Prior Right means trademarks valid and registered in Estonia; names of
individuals; names of entities registered in Estonia; names of the state, local
authorities and their agencies; names of international and intergovernmental organisations;
2.12. Committee means the Domain Disputes Committee;
2.13. Committee Member means an individual who has consented to act as a
member of the Committee and included in the List of Committee Members
approved by the Council of the EIF;
2.14. List of Committee Members means a list of the Members of the Committee
published on the website of the EIF;
2.15. Response to the Application means a document submitted by the
Registrant in response to the Application on the basis of the Rules along with
any and all annexes.
3. DELIVERY AND NOTICES
3.1. Upon submission of the Application to the Registrant, the Committee shall
exploit reasonably available means in order to actually inform the Registrant
of the Application.
3.2. The Registrant is deemed as actually informed of the Application if:
(a) a written notice on the submission of the Application has been sent
to all postal addresses and/or fax numbers specified in the WHOIS
database of the EIF under the details of the holder of the Domain
Name, technical contact person and administrative contact person;
(b) the Application has been sent by e-mail to the e-mail addresses of
the technical contact person and administrative contact person of
the Domain Name specified in the WHOIS database of the EIF; and
(c) the Application has been sent to the Registrant’s e-mail addresses
submitted by the Applicant to the Committee pursuant to article 5.2.2.
3.3. Except for the event specified in article 3.2(a), any and all notices and
evidence to be submitted on the basis of the Rules must be submitted
electronically. The recipient of an electronically sent message is obligated to
confirm receipt. In exceptional circumstances the Committee may accept the
Party’s notices and evidence on paper or in another manner and in such an event the Party must always add a copy for the other Party in the same
format. The Party that submitted the contact details is responsible for the
correctness of the contact details and bears the risk of receipt of the notices
sent to the respective contact persons.
3.4. If the Committee does not decide otherwise for exceptional reasons, all the
notices submitted on the basis of the Rules are deemed as received by the
addressee and the terms pertaining to the receipt of the notice start running
(a) in the case of an e-mail, once the addressee has confirmed the
receipt of the e-mail or, at latest, on the first working day following
the sending of the e-mail; or
(b) in the case of a fax, on the date indicated in the confirmation of the
receipt of the sender's fax message; or
(c) in the case of mail, registered mail or sending by a courier, on the
third working day following the submission of the notice to the
provider of postal or courier services or on the working date of
actual receipt of the notice (depending on which circumstance
3.5. Any and all notices that have been submitted:
(a) by the Committee to any Party must be concurrently sent to the
(b) by the Party to the Committee after the Start Date of the Procedure,
must be concurrently sent to the other Party.
3.6. The sender is obligated to preserve evidence of the fact and circumstances of
sending and the evidence must be available for verification, where
3.7. If the Party that received the notice receives a notice that the delivery of the
notice sent by it failed, the Party shall immediately inform the Committee of
the circumstances of sending the notice.
4. WRITTEN PROCEDURE
The procedure in the Committee is a written procedure. No oral hearing
takes place (including by way of a teleconference, video conference and web
conference), unless the Committee decides on the basis of the right of
discretion and special circumstances that an oral hearing is necessary for the
purpose of making a decision on the Application.
5.1. The procedure in the Committee may be started by any person, submitting
an Application to the Committee if the Domain Name violates its rights for
the purposes of article 15.4 of the Rules.
5.2. The Application and the evidence annexed thereto are submitted
electronically and the following must be indicated therein:
5.2.1. the name, address and contact details of the Applicant and the same
information on the representative if the Applicant is represented by a
representative in the procedure; the e-mail address(es) where all the notices
to be submitted to the Applicant in the course of the procedure are sent must
be specified under the contact details;
5.2.2. the name of the Registrant and all details of the Registrant or its
representative known to the Applicant (including mail and e-mail addresses,
telephone and fax numbers) through which it is possible to contact the
Registrant or its representative, including the possible contact details which
the Applicant used in communicating with the Registrant before submission
of the Application;
5.2.3. the Domain Name or Names that constitute the object of the dispute;
5.2.4. the choice of the Applicant whether the dispute is settled by a panel of one or
three Members of the Committee; in the case of three Members of the
Committee the names of the three Members of the Committee must be
submitted from the List of Committee Members;
5.2.5. the name of the Registrar via whom the Domain Name has or Domain
Names have been registered as of the submission of the Application;
5.2.6. the Prior Rights that the Applicant relies on;
5.2.7. the legal reasons for the Application, above all:
(a) why is the Domain Name identical or misleadingly similar to the
Prior Right of the Applicant; and
(b) why the Domain Name has been registered in such a manner that
the Registrant does not have the right or legitimate right to the
Domain Name; or
(c) why the Domain Name was registered or is being used in bad faith.
5.2.8. The Applicant’s claim either for:
(a) cancellation of the Domain Name or
(b) handing the Domain Name over to the Applicant;
5.2.9. any and all initiated or completed legal proceedings that are directly or
indirectly related to the domain name(s) constituting the object(s) of the
dispute or the Applicant’s confirmation of the absence of respective
5.3. The following must be added to the Application:
5.3.1. evidence by which the Applicant reasons its claim, including evidence of the
existence of Prior Rights;
5.3.2. information about payment of the fee of the Committee;
5.3.3. the confirmation specified in article 8 of the Rules, which has been signed by
the Applicant or its representative in hand or digitally;
5.3.4. the representative’s power of attorney, if the Applicant is represented by a
representative.5.4. The object of the Application may be more than one Domain Name if the
Parties are the same.
6. STEPS UPON cpr144449003101
SUBMISSION OF APPLICATION
6.1. The Committee sends the Applicant confirmation of receipt of the
Application. If the Committee finds that the Application does not comply with
the formal requirements specified in the Rules, the Committee shall inform
the Applicant of the defects and gives the Applicant 7 calendar days for
elimination of the respective deficiencies. If the Applicant fails to eliminate
the deficiencies within the term, the Committee shall inform the Applicant of
the refusal to accept the Application. The fee of the Commission paid by the
Applicant is not refunded. Refusal to accept the Application on such basis
does not deprive the Applicant of the right to submit a new, corrected
6.2. If the Application complies with the formal requirements specified in the
Rules and the Commission’s fee has fully accrued to the EIF’s current
account, the Committee shall accept the Application. Concurrently with the
acceptance, the EIF shall prohibit the cancellation and transfer of the Domain
Name (see articles 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11 of the Domain Regulation) until the
procedure of settling the dispute or the judicial procedure following it has
ended and the decision that has entered into force has been communicated
to the EIF.
6.3. The Committee shall submit the Application to the Registrant within a
reasonable term and at the same time informs the Applicant of the
acceptance of the Application and submission thereof to the Registrant.
6.4. If the Application is filed against a domain name that has already been
challenged, the procedure of the later Application shall be suspended until
the decision in the first procedure has entered into force. If the Application in
the first procedure is approved, upon entry into force of the decision the fees
paid to the Committee by the submitters of the subsequent Applications shall
be returned to them.
7. RESPONSE TO APPLICATION
7.1. The Registrant submits a Response to the Application within 20 calendar
days after receiving the Application.
7.2. In the Response to the Application the Registrant must:
7.2.1. indicate the name, mail and e-mail addresses, telephone and fax numbers of
the Registrant and its authorised representative (if any) and specify an e-mail
address from among the contact details where all the notices to be submitted
in the course of the procedure are to be submitted to the Registrant;
7.2.2. if the Applicant opted for a one-member Committee to resolve the dispute,
inform whether the Registrant applies for a three-member Committee
instead. If the Registrant opts for a three-member Committee, the Registrant
shall pay an additional fee and submit the details of the payment along with a response to the Application. If the respective fee has not been paid, the
dispute shall be resolved by a one-member Committee;
7.2.3. name any and all legal proceedings initiated or completed by any domain
name or domain names constituting the object of any Application, which the
Applicant has not specified in the Application;
7.2.4. submit the legal grounds that serve as the basis for the Response to the
Application, especially submit the circumstances that show the Registrant's
right or legitimate right to the Domain Name for the purposes of article 15.5
of the Rules.
7.3. The following must be added to the Response to the Application:
7.3.1. evidence, including evidence of the Registrant’s right or legitimate right that
the Registrant relies on;
7.3.2. the confirmation specified in article 8 of the Rules, which has been signed by
the Registrant or its representative in hand or digitally;
7.3.3. the representative’s power of attorney, if the Registrant is represented by a
representative. No power of attorney needs to be added if the representative
is the Registrant’s administrative contact person registered in the WHOIS
database of the EIF, but the Committee may demand the submission of a
power of attorney.
7.4. The Committee confirms to the Registrant the receipt of the Response to the
Application. If the Committee finds that the Response to the Application does
not comply with the formal requirements specified in the Rules, the
Committee shall immediately inform the Registrant of the deficiencies and if
the deficiencies can be eliminated, the Committee shall give the Registrant 7
calendar days for elimination of the respective deficiencies. If the Registrant
fails to eliminate the deficiencies within the respective term, it shall be
deemed that the Registrant has not submitted the Response to the
7.5. The Committee shall immediately submit to the Applicant the Response
complying with the formal requirements.
7.6. If the Registrant does not submit the Response to the Application or the
Response to the Application does not comply with all the formal
requirements and the Registrant fails to eliminate the deficiencies within the
prescribed term, the Committee shall inform the Parties of the failure by the
Registrant to perform the obligation and send the Response to the
Application, which does not comply with the formal requirements, to the
Applicant for information purposes. In such an event the Committee may
settle the dispute solely on the basis of the Application.
7.7. The provisions of article 7.6 do not deprive the Registrant of the right to have
a three-member Committee decide on the case, provided that the additional
fee had been paid pursuant to article 7.2.2.
8. PARTY’S WARRANTY
The Applicant adds the following warranty to the Application and the
Registrant adds the following warranty to the Response to the Application, thereby the warranty must be signed by the Party or the person authorised
by the Party:
“This is to certify that any and all the submitted information is complete and
I consent to the processing of my personal data by the Committee to the
extent necessary for performance of the Committee’s functions.
I consent to the full publication of the decision (incl. the personal data
contained in the decision) made in the procedure on the EIF’s website.
In connection with the procedure in the Committee I waive any and all
possible claims and legal measures with regard to the following persons:
(a) the EIF, including the members of its directing bodies, employees,
advisors and representatives, except in the event of intentional
unlawful acts or omissions;
(b) the Members of the Committee, except in the event of intentional
unlawful acts or omissions;
(c) the Registrar, except in the event of intentional unlawful acts or
9. APPOINTMENT OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS
9.1. The Application is reviewed by one Committee Member who is appointed at
the discretion of the Committee from among the List of Committee Members,
except if the Applicant or Registrant applies for a panel of three Members of
9.2. If the Registrant has applied for a panel of three members of the Committee
in its Response to the Application, the Applicant shall submit to the
Committee the names of three Members of the Committee within five
calendar days as of the day of delivery of the Response to the Application to
9.3. If the Applicant or the Registrant would like a panel of three Members of the
Committee, the Committee shall appoint one member of the panel from
among three candidates submitted by the Applicant, one member from
among three candidates submitted by the Registrant and one member at its
own discretion from the List of Committee Members. If any of the Parties has
failed to submit its three candidates, the Committee shall, at its own
discretion, appoint an additional member from the List of Committee
9.4. After appointment of the Committee Members the Committee shall inform
the Parties of the Committee Members and the date when the Committee
makes a decision on the Application.
10. LIST, IMPARTIALITY AND INDEPENDENCE OF COMMITTEE MEMBERS
10.1. The List of Committee Members and amendments thereto are approved by
the Council of the EIF. The List of Committee Members is published on the
website of the EIF.
10.2. The Committee Members maintain confidentiality of the information
submitted to them in the course of the procedure, unless such information
has been submitted in a decision that is subject to publication.
10.3. A Committee Member must be and seem to be impartial and independent. A
Committee Member may remove themselves if at any stage of the procedure
any circumstances that may lead to reasonable doubts about the impartiality
or independence of the Committee Member become evident or if the
resolution of the case by the Member may seem partial and dependent. In
such an event the Committee appoints a new Committee Member.
10.4. The Parties may request that a Committee Member be removed. The Party
that requests the removal of a Committee Member must submit the reasons
as to why it requests the removal. The removal application must be
submitted within five calendar days after learning of the circumstances
communicated by the Party that undermine the impartiality and
independence of the Committee Member.
10.5. If one of the Parties requests that a Committee Member be removed, the
other Party and the respective Committee Member shall have the right to
reply to the removal request within five calendar days after receiving the
removal request. The Committee Member appointed by the Committee
decides on the removal and their decision is final and not subject to appeal.
11. ADDITIONAL SUBMISSIONS
The Committee may, based on the right of discretion, request or accept
additional submissions or documents from both Parties in addition to the
Application and the Response to the Application.
If a Party to the procedure does not respond within the term set by the
Committee, the Committee may deem it consenting to the statements of fact
and legal statements or claims of the other Party (admission).
13. EXTENSION OF TERMS
At the request of a Party submitted before the expiry of the respective term
or terms, the Committee may, based on the right of discretion and in the
event of existence of special circumstances or by agreement of the Parties,
extend the term.
14. AGREEMENT BETWEEN PARTIES, SUSPENSION OF PROCEDURE AND TERMINATION OF PROCEDURE
14.1. The Committee terminates the procedure once it has obtained confirmation
from both Parties that the Parties have come to an agreement on the Domain
Name constituting the object of the dispute.
14.2. If the Parties would like to negotiate in order to come to an agreement, the
Parties may request that the Committee suspend the procedure for the term
specified in the request. At the request of the Parties the Committee may
extend the term for suspension of the procedure. The procedure continues
with the receipt of the respective application from the Registrant or the
Applicant or with the expiry of the established term.
14.3. If an action or another legal procedure has been initiated before or is initiated
during the procedure in the Committee with regard to the Domain Name
constituting the object of the dispute between the same Parties, the
Committee may decide based on the right of discretion whether to suspend
or terminate the Committee procedure or make a decision.
14.4. With good reason and on exceptional circumstances the Committee may
suspend the procedure also at the request of one Party. In such an event the
procedure continued on the Committee’s own initiative or on the basis of the
request of the Party that applied for suspension.
14.5. The Committee also terminates the Procedure once it becomes evident that
with regard to the Domain Name constituting the object of the dispute
between the parties:
(a) the final decision by a competent court, court of arbitration or the
Committee has been made; or
(b) the court has, by way of a measure for securing the action,
prohibited a procedure in the Committee or taken measures for
securing the action, which would impede enforcement of the
15.1. The Committee makes a decision on the basis of the Parties’ positions and
documents, which have been submitted in accordance with the Rules.
15.2. The decisions of the Committee are final, they cannot be appealed against
and they are binding upon the Parties, relevant Registrars and the EIF. This
does not preclude the Party’s right to initiate a judicial procedure against the
other Party, which results in the consequences set out in the Rules (see
15.3. The Committee makes a decision to approve the Application only regarding
the deletion of a disputed Domain Name or transfer thereof to the Applicant.
15.4. The Committee approves the Application by a decision if the Applicant
(a) the Domain Name is identical or misleadingly similar to the Prior
Right of the Applicant; and
(b) the Domain Name had been registered without the Registrant being
entitled to having a legitimate interest in the Domain Name; or
(c) the Domain Name has been registered or is being used in bad faith.
15.5. The Registrant’s right or legitimate right to the Domain Name for the
purposes of article 15.4(b) may be proven, among other things, but not only,
by the following circumstances, if the Committee considers these
circumstances as proven on the basis of all the submitted evidence:
(a) before the dispute the Registrant actually used the Domain Name or
name that corresponded to the Domain Name in connection with
provision of goods or services or make certifiable preparations for
(b) the Registrar is well-known by the Domain Name, even if it has no
legal protection for the name;
(c) the Registrant uses the Domain Name lawfully and for a noncommercial purpose and honestly, without the intention of
misleading consumers or harming or taking advantage of the
reputation of the Applicant or its Prior Right.
15.6. Among other things, but not only, the following circumstances may prove
registration or use of the Domain Name in bad faith for the purposes of
article 15.4(c), if the Committee finds that the following circumstances have
(a) the Domain Name had been registered or obtained directly with the
aim of selling the Domain Name, granting the right of use of the
Domain Name or otherwise transfer the Domain Name to the holder
of the Prior Right or to the Applicant’s competitor for a fee that
considerably exceeds the direct costs of registration of the Domain
(b) the Domain Name has been registered with the aim of preventing
the exercise of the Prior Right in the respective Domain Name if:
(i) the Registrant has repeatedly carried out a similar activity;
(ii) the Domain Name has not been used in the appropriate
manner for a period of no less than two years following the
date of registration;
(c) the main aim of registration of the Domain Name was to disturb the
activities of the Applicant; or
(d) the Domain Name was used intentionally for attracting Internet
users with the aim of making profit on the Registrant's websites or
in other online places, creating the risk of confusion with the Prior
(e) the Domain Name is the name of an individual and there is no
connection between the Registrant and the Domain Name, which
would justify the use of the name. 15.7. A decision of the Committee of three Members is adopted by simple
15.8. A decision of the Committee is made in writing, contains the reasons for the
decision, the date of the decision and the name(s) of the Member(s) of the
Committee who made the decision. If the Committee decides that the
disputed Domain Name is to be cancelled or transferred to the Applicant, it
shall be noted in the decision that the EIF must enforce the decision within 14
calendar days after its entry into force, unless the Registrant informs the EIF
of initiation of a further judicial procedure against the Applicant and submits
to the EIF a respective court ruling on securing the action (see articles 15.2
15.9. If the Committee comes to the conclusion that the dispute is not subject to its
competence, the Committee shall declare so in its decision.
15.10. The Committee shall send the decision to the Parties, the respective Registrar
and the EIF within one month after confirming the receipt of the Response to
the Application, which complies with the formal requirements or expiry of
the term of submission of a Response to the Application.
15.11. The full text of the decision is published on the website of the EIF.
16. ENTRY INTO FORCE AND ENFORCEMENT OF DECISION
16.1. A decision of the Committee enters into force on the date of making the
decision. The EIF does not enforce the decision before 14 calendar days have
passed from the entry into force of the decision.
16.2. If the Committee decided to approve the Application, the Registrant shall
have 14 calendar days from the date of making the decision in order to
inform the EIF of the initiation of a judicial procedure against the Applicant
and application of a measure securing the action, which prohibits the EIF
from deleting the Domain Name or transferring it to the Applicant. Upon
receiving such information and a ruling, the EIF shall not enforce the
Committee's decision until the subsequent judicial procedure has come to an
end and the judgment that has entered into force has reached the EIF.
17. FINAL PROVISIONS
17.1. The EIF and the Members of the Committee are not liable before the Parties
for their acts or omissions in the course of the procedure held on the basis of
the Rules, unless the EIF or a Member of the Committee has committed an
intentional unlawful act.
17.2. The Rules shall be applicable to any and all Applications filed as of 5 July
17.3. If the Rules are amended during a procedure, the Rules in force at the time of
taking a respective procedural step shall be applied.
17.4. Amendments to the Rules enter into force at least 30 days after their
approval by the Council of the EIF. The Council of the EIF may set a longer
period for the entry into force of amendments.In case of any wording misapprehensions between the English and Estonian version
of this document, wording in Estonian is superior and legally binding.